Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb. ( Laser à trois lobes )


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Le Laser à trois lobes (Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.) fait partie de la famille des Apiacées (Apiaceae). Sa période de floraison s’étale de mai à juin. Son autre nom commun est le Cumin de cheval (le froissement des feuilles dégage une odeur de cumun).

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Répartition française :
L’espèce est présente uniquement dans les départements suivants : la Meurthe-et-Moselle, la Moselle.

Ecologie :
C’est à l’étage collinéen qu’on le retrouve, souvent en lisière de forêt. c’est une espèce de quasi demi-ombre même si elle s’accommode de conditions plus chaudes. Elle est calcicole. Phytosociologie : Geranion sanguinei 72.0.1.0.1 Pelouses préforestières et ourlets thermophiles, plus ou moins xérophiles.

Protection :
L’espèce est protégée au niveau national. Elle fait partie aussi de la liste rouge de la Flore vasculaire de France métropolitaine publiée en 2012.

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Description :
La hauteur de cette plante vivace varie de 50 à 120 cm. Les feuilles sont trilobées et luisantes. L’inflorescence se présente sous la forme d’une ombelle (15 à 25 rayons) se déclinant en ombellule de fleurs blanches. Les fruits glabres sont oblongs et comportent des côtes.

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb.

Taxonomie :
Laser trilobum (L.) Borkh. ex P.Gaertn. B.Mey. & Scherb. a pour synonymes (Informations issues de la BDTFX Version 1.1, Tela Botanica) :
– Angelica trilobum (L.) Desf.
– Laserpitium alpinum Waldst. & Kit.
– Laserpitium aquilegifolium Jacq.
– Laserpitium trilobum L.
– Siler aquilegiifolium (L.) Gaertn.
– Siler trilobum (L.) Crantz

Bibliographie :
– Les quatre flores de France – P. Fournier – Editions Lechevalier 1961
– Flore de France – H. Coste – Librairie des sciences et des Arts 1937
– Les plantes protégées de Lorraine – Serge Muller – Editions Biotope 2006

Ce contenu a été publié dans Fiche de plantes, Protection nationale, avec comme mot(s)-clé(s) . Vous pouvez le mettre en favoris avec ce permalien.

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